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Everything about HB pencils & Lead Pencils
Designers make the most of HB pencil for design, although mechanical pencils called two-milling pencils do the same thing. Although HB pencil was first recorded in Nuremberg by a carpenter named Staedler, it probably originated in England a little over 300 years ago. These original pencils were woodless and pure graphite, which is a natural type of carbon.
Graphite resources and mines are in Cumberland. Graphite pencil making is still ongoing in Cumberland, despite the closure of graphite mining sites. Graphite has been discovered elsewhere, and pencils are made from raw materials in Korea, Sri Lanka, Germany, and Mexico. During the early stages of the HB pencil's history, attempts were made to make nuclei with pure graphite powder.
The period of hostility between Britain and France after the French Revolution led to the making of pencils in the way they are today. Graphite exports from Britain to France were cut off, so a French chemist named Conte began to look for a way to use more cough-friendly and effective graphite. In 1795 he patented his invention of baking a mixture of graphite and clay. From then on, HB pencils containing wood were marketed.
Nowadays, the core of an HB pencil is dipped in wax after cooking to improve its work and make its effect more durable. Many factories do this with their own formula, but the results of their products are slightly different. Pencil wood is usually made of cedar wood because its veins are straight and easy to shave due to its softness. Of course, there are different types of cedar, the best of which are from Canada and Australia. The core of the pencil should be secured with glue inside the wood so that it does not move when pressed against the tip.
Why HB pencils are different?
The HB pencil stick is round or hexagonal. Hexagonal pencils are used in offices or design workshops (carpets and paintings) because they do not curl on the table. Pencils are rectangular or oval in cross section and their tip is round instead of flat. Pencil grade One of the advantages of the pencil core that comes with clay and graphite is that it can be made with varying degrees of hardness, softness, or blackness. More clay and less graphite make the pencil gray, but it is very hard and the tip can be sharpened. These types of pencils wear out later and last longer. More graphite and less clay make the marrow, which is blacker and softer, but wears out and slows down quickly, and its lines are not very precise.
Each of the above properties is suitable for a particular job, and factories usually name pencils that make different degrees of hardness H, and those that make different degrees of black (Blak) B. Pencils H and B each have up to six numbers, and HB pencil is the middle of them, and sometimes their degrees are extended to 9H and 9B. Pencil F is a pencil whose degree is between H and HB. Of course, it should be noted that the grade of each factory does not necessarily correspond to the grade of other factory pencils. For example, a 4B pencil from one factory may be equivalent to 3B or 5B from another factory. Hard pencils are used by architects and cartographers, soft HB pencils are used in design and sketches, and graphic designers usually find 4H to 6B pencils more desirable for work.
How much H or B in an HB pencil should be?
The amount of graphite in the pencil not only makes the pencil hard or black but also depends on the type of use. Some types of HB pencils are made especially for painters and designers. Such pencils have higher quality graphite than those used in schools and offices. They may contain purer graphite or graphite with softer grains, resulting in a fuller error. The brains of designers and painters are usually thicker than the brains of ordinary pencils. Their standard size in diameter is usually 2 mm, but the brains of painters usually reach 3 or even 4 mm.
This allows the consumer to draw thicker or thinner lines as needed in the design. As a result, pencils made for graphic designers are more expensive than regular pencils, but instead their quality is better and work with them is more desirable. Some factories make painters 'pencils round and designers' pencils hexagonal. But this is not legal. A small number of factories also make flat pencils for designers and painters, both of which have a cross-section of wood and a rectangular cross-section. These types of pencils have a wide and flat feature that changes the width of the lines by angling them. These pencils are similar to carpentry pencils, but their quality is suitable for works of art.
HB pencil for painters & writing
HB pencil for painters and designers Among the pens of painters and carpet designers, the HB pencil is used as a continuous tool, but the difference with other pencils of designers and painters is that it has the most common use of the most ordinary pencil and it is the ordinary pencil or HB. Being in the middle of it as a pencil that has a balanced hardness and blackness, and while the pen rotates smoothly on the paper, it also has advantages such as not spoiling the color and easy erasing.
Designers make the most of this pencil for design, although mechanical pencils called two-milling pencils do the same thing. But expensive painters, in addition to HB&F pencils, use 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.9 etudes as well as different degrees of B&H pencils. In general, different types of pencils with different degrees are used in painting.
Did you know that the brain of a drawing pencil, although called lead, is not made of lead? Lead was used in ancient pens. The brain of the pencil is actually made of non-toxic graphite. After the discovery of graphite reserves in 1564 in Barudell, England, this material was used in pencils. Graphite is a mineral. A transparent substance formed from the deformation of carbon. In the 16th century, a large amount of stored graphite was discovered in Cambridge, England. It was originally considered a type of lead and was called plumbago, meaning lead soil. Today, the graffiti brain of pencils is still called lead.
The graphite residue is darker than that of lead, but it needed a preservative because of its softness and fragility. Initially, graphite batches were kept in a string. The material was later placed in a wooden holder that was perforated by hand. And so wooden pencils came into being. The first general production of pencils did not have coloring. The wooden holders of the pencils were not painted at first, so that the wooden effect could be displayed well.
But now graphite pencils are found in densities ranging from 9B, the softest to 9H, which is the hardest type. The softest pencils create the darkest lines. They also produce graphites in larger volumes to cover larger areas.
Features of drawing HB pencil
Graffiti pencils are more suitable than coals for smaller designs and therefore will be effective in designing smaller details. That's why beginners should not do pencil designs larger than 11 by 14 inches. It is better to spend more time and effort on small pencil designs, then you will feel more successful. You should pay attention to act within the efficiency of the pencil and get the best result from it.
A clear example is the repeated use of HB pencil and the excessive pressure of this pencil to reach the darkest degrees. This will only cause the appearance of wax and in any case the desired result will not be achieved. Another way is to use all the categories of pencils, by placing each layer on top of the other. And by this layering of different pencils, starting with hard pencils and ending with softer pencils, the darkest degrees will appear.
Sometimes the spot method will work terribly in pencil drawings.
The spot method is the first method that young artists learn as a quick method. Human beings are selfish and lazy in the face of doing things and follow undesigned principles. The main problem is that some novice students do the staining method regardless of the quality of the pencil. Of course, using this method will not be a small problem, but many students use this method too much.
Do not use the blot method when using a drawing pencil. In fact, the design of the pencil, which is not done in a stained manner, has a dense but beautiful texture in terms of appearance, which will make the design surface uniform. The roughness of the paper interacts with the pencil, which will make the design shine and visually appealing. The pencil blot design blurs the texture of the paper and will generally get dirty and cluttered with the fingerprint.
It is better to practice new shading methods and do not rely on this staining method. Enthusiastic artists can improve their design skills by practicing shadow grading.
Graphite or pencil, depending on the hardness of the pencil and how it is used, produces varying degrees from light gray to very dark, so the darkness of the charcoal will not be easily achieved. The more layers of graphite, the brighter the surface. This feature of graphite will not be easily removed, in order to solve this problem, you can use matte acrylic medium spray or matte varnish.
Graphics are available in a variety of forms:
Traditional wooden HB pencils in hard to soft types:
- Try different types like 2H, 2B, 8B. Do not always use the same degree.
- Non-stick pencils often do not need sharpening.
- Powdered graphite used with a brush, cotton swab or ear cleaner.
- (When using powder, be careful not to let dust get into your mouth).
- Liquid graphite is like paint, except that graphite is used instead of pigment.
Types of drawing pencils, graphite
If you have ever used drawing pencil number 2, then you are somewhat familiar with graphite. Graphites are commonly used as pencil cores, which some mistakenly call "lead." In fact, graphite pencils are a combination of graphite and clay in the appearance of wood. The amount of clay determines the degree of hardness and softness. The most important thing to note is the grade of these coals. Pencils are offered in two series "H" and "B".
H-series pencils are hard, and the higher the number, the brighter the lines. For example, a 6H pencil creates clearer lines than a 2H pencil. The "B" series pencils are softer and the higher the number, the darker the lines will be. "B" pencils are often used in design. "HB" pencils are in the middle grade and "F" pencils are hard. Other forms of drawing pencil: The other two forms of graphite are produced in the form of woodless pencil and graphite pen.